Introduce for the skill of traditional hand painting oil painting



Filigree is a method of painting with the root of the oil painting pen. After the pen is written, make a slight filigree and then lift it up. For example, it's a strong and strong reverse stroke of calligraphy. The difference of color between the pen tip and the pen root, and the different direction of the pen according to the weight, can produce many changes and interests.


The technique of using a wide oil painting pen or fan-shaped pen to dip in color and then gently pat on the screen is called clapping. Clapping can produce certain undulating texture, which is neither obvious nor too simple. It can also deal with the original too strong strokes or colors to weaken them.


Kneading refers to the method of directly operating two or several different colors on the screen with a pen. After the color operation, it will produce natural mixing changes, obtain subtle and distinct color and light dark contrast, and play a transitional role.


Line refers to the lines drawn with a pen. Generally, the oil painting lines are drawn with a soft sharp thread. However, in different styles, round head, shape correction and old flat pen can also draw thick lines similar to the book's strong center. Both eastern and Western painting began with line modeling. In the early oil paintings, they usually started with precise and rigorous lines and outlines. In the tampera technique, line arrangement is the main means to form light and shade. Western oil painting only later evolved to be dominated by light and shade and body, but nevertheless, the factors of the middle line of oil painting never disappeared. The fine, bold, neat or arbitrary lines as well as the repeated crisscross and overlapping lines make the oil painting language richer, and the treatment of different body sidelines is very important. The use of lines in eastern painting has also influenced the style of many western modern masters, such as Matisse, Van Gogh, Picasso, Miro and Kerry, who are experts in using lines.


Scanning is often used to connect two adjacent color blocks, so that they are not too stiff. When the color is not dry, it can be achieved by gently sweeping with a clean fan-shaped pen. You can also use a pen on the bottom color to sweep up another color to produce a staggered, loose and not greasy color effect.


It means to dip a hard bristle brush into the color and stamp the paint vertically on the screen with the head of the brush. Stamping method is not very commonly used, usually only when the local needs special texture.


Drawing refers to drawing firm lines and sharp edges of objects in oil painting sometimes, that is, the side of sword or glass, etc. at this time, you can use the drawing knife to adjust the color and then use the blade side to pull out the color line or color surface on the picture. The shape drawn by the drawing knife is firm and certain, which is hard to be achieved by the brush or other methods.


Wipe is to lie the brush horizontally and use the belly of the brush to drum wipe the picture. Generally, it is done with less color and large area, which can form a less obvious brush stroke and is also a common method of laying the bottom layer color. On the dry background color or undulating texture, the brush method can be used to draw the effect similar to the flying white of traditional Chinese painting, making the underlying texture more obvious.


Suppression is to use the bottom of the knife to gently press down on the wet color layer and lift it up. The color surface will produce special texture. In some places where special texture needs to be portrayed, suppression techniques can achieve the desired results.


The way to build is to use a knife instead of a paintbrush, just like a bricklayer uses a mud knife to circle the marl to build the color on the canvas, leaving a knife mark directly. The method of masonry can vary in thickness. The size and shape of the knife and the direction of the knife will also produce rich contrast. Using a drawing knife to adjust different colors without too much blending, allowing them to mix naturally on the screen can produce subtle color relations. The undulated color layer can also be laid flat by laying. If the masonry method is used properly, it will have a strong sense of molding


Drawing refers to the use of the blade of the drawing knife to depict the negative lines and shapes on the wet colors. Sometimes the bottom color can be exposed. Different drawing knives can produce different changes in depth, thickness, and thickness, and the texture changes of points, lines, and surfaces of the color surface generated by the brush strokes and the techniques of drawing knives.


Point - all strokes start from point. As early as in the classical tempela technique, point drawing is an important technique of expression level. In Vermeer's works, point strokes are also used to show the flicker of light and the texture of objects. The technique of stippling has become one of the basic characteristics of Impressionism, but Monet, Renoir and Pissarro have different changes and personalities. The new Impressionists went to extremes, mechanically using point as their only brushwork. Modern realistic oil paintings also use the density of dots to produce light and dark levels, which can create a transition of affirmation and indestructibility. In the comprehensive painting method, the combination of point method with line and decency can produce rich contrast, and the use of different shapes and textures of oil painting pens can produce different point strokes, which can play a unique role in expressing the texture of some objects.


Scraping is the basic use of the wholesale oil painting knife. Generally, the method of scraping is to use the blade to scrape off the undesirable part of the picture, or to use the knife to scrape off the unnecessary details or weaken the too strong relationship, so as to relax the tense picture relationship. At the end of a long-term operation, it is often necessary to scrape off the color of the finished part of this painting with a knife so as to dry it in time, and then paint the next day. After the color is dry, you can also use a drawing knife or a razor to smooth the uneven part. You can also use a knife to scrape on the wet color layer to expose the background color so as to show various texture.


If point drawing and sketching are the means to form oil painting points and lines, then painting is the main method to form oil painting style, that is, surface. The painting methods include flat, thick and thin painting, and the Impressionist stippling method is also called scattered painting.



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